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Period: July 16, 2011 to August 13, 2011
Comment & Opinion or Companies, Organizations or Consumers or Controversies & Disputes or Deals, M&A, JVs, Licensing or Earnings Release or Finance, Economics, Tax or Innovation & New Ideas or Legal, Legislation, Regulation, Policy or Market News or Marketing & Advertising or Other or People & Personalities or Press Release or Products & Brands or Research, Studies, Advice or Supply Chain or Trends
Legal, Legislation, Regulation, Policy  

National Organic Program Retains Some Synthetic Substances For Use In Organic Farming

Organic farmers can continue using certain synthetic substances in production and handling of organic crops, according to a final rule published by the National Organic Program of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The list of synthetic substances includes ferric phosphate used as slug or snail bait, hydrogen chloride for removing lint from cotton seed for planting, and egg white lysozyme. These substances were supposed to sunset in 2011 under the sunset provisions of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990, but the National Organic Standards Board recommended their continued use in organic farming.

"Final Rule Allows Continued Use of Substances to Support Organic Agriculture", USDA, August 03, 2011

FDA Tells HBB It Is Breaking The Law With Its Melatonin-Laced Brownies

The FDA has warned HBB, L.L.C. that the agency can confiscate the melatonin-flavored brownies the company sells under the Lazy Larry brand. HBB has marketed the brownies as a dietary supplement, but the FDA letter says the product is promoted for use as a conventional food. The FDA argues the product is marketed together with snack foods; the company's web site claims the product has "the same ingredients your mother uses to make brownies;" and the product is packaged as a brownie. HBB has 15 days from receipt of the FDA warning letter to correct the situation.

"F.D.A. warns Lazy Larry brownies are unsafe", BakingBusiness.com, August 02, 2011

Research, Studies, Advice  

Scientists Discover Natural Antibiotic That Could Protect Foods From Deadly Microbes

Researchers in Minnesota have patented a newly discovered, naturally occurring peptide produced by a harmless bacteria that could be added to food as a potent weapon against deadly foodborne bacteria such as salmonella, E. coli and listeria. According to scientists, the lantibiotic they discovered is the first natural preservative that destroys so-called “gram-negative” bacteria, typically the harmful kind. The substance could protect many foods – meats, processed cheeses, egg and dairy products, canned foods, seafood, salad dressing, fermented beverages, etc. – from a broad range of disease-causing microbes. Lantibiotics are easy to digest, nontoxic, and nonallergenic. And dangerous bacteria have a hard time developing a resistance to them.

"Researchers Discover Natural Food Preservative That Kills Food-Borne Bacteria", Press release, University of Minnesota, August 04, 2011

Bacteria Found On Newly Organic Poultry Farms Are Less Resistant To Antibiotics – Study

A U.S. study has found that poultry farms that switched to organic production methods and stopped using antibiotics had significantly lower levels of drug-resistant enterococci bacteria. The researchers said removing antibiotics from large-scale U.S. poultry farms can result in immediate and significant reductions in antibiotic resistance for some bacteria. The study focused on ten conventional and ten newly organic large-scale poultry houses in the mid-Atlantic region, testing for the presence of enterococci bacteria in poultry litter, feed, and water, and testing its resistance to 17 common antimicrobials. All of the farms tested positive for enterococci. Sixty-seven percent of the bacteria recovered from conventional poultry farms were resistant to erythromycin, but only 18 percent from the organic farms.

"Lower Prevalence of Antibiotic-resistant Enterococci On U.S. Conventional Poultry Farms That Transitioned to Organic Practices", Environmental Health Perspectives, January 01, 1996

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